Dr. Bruno Gallo has over 24 years of experience working in the field of neurology. Over the years, he has specialized in a few particular areas including epilepsy, neurophysiology and movement disorders with a focus on Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS).
Deep Brain Stimulation is a neurosurgical procedure that involves electrical stimulation through implanted electrodes to specific parts of the brain. The electrodes regulate abnormal impulses by producing electrical impulses, improving symptoms of patients with neurological and psychiatric disorders including Parkinson’s disease, essential tremor, dystonia, and obsessive compulsive disorder.
Parkinson’s disease is a progressive chronic neurological condition that affects movement. It involves a gradual degeneration of nerve cells in the midbrain section of the central nervous system that controls hearing, vision, alertness and motor control. Early symptoms of the disease include shaking, slowed movement, rigidity, and difficulty walking. Thinking and behavioral problems may arise in later stages. Dementia is a common occurrence in advanced stages of the disease while depression is the most common psychiatric symptom. Symptoms may also include sleep, sensory, and emotional problems. Parkinson’s disease is found more commonly in older people, usually beginning between the ages of 50 to 65.
The most common movement disorder, essential tremor is a nervous system disorder that causes uncontrollable and rhythmic shaking. Essential tremor can occur in almost any area of the body, but most often occurs in the hands and fingers. This disorder can occur at any age but is more common in individuals 40 and older. Often misdiagnosed as Parkinson’s disease, essential tremor is a distinct disorder, although some individuals may suffer from both conditions.
Dystonia is a neurological movement disorder which causes an individual’s muscles to contract involuntarily. The contractions cause the affected body parts to move and twist uncontrollably, resulting in repetitive movements and abnormal postures. It can affect one muscle group or the entire body. Symptoms can be mild or severe and may affect your ability to perform daily tasks.
Epilepsy is a group of related neurological disorders characterized by recurrent epileptic seizures. Epileptic seizures are episodes of undetectable vigorous shaking lasting briefly or for long periods of time. Seizures can often be controlled with proper medication. Individuals who do not respond to medication may consider surgery, neurostimulation or changes in diet.